What are cookies?
A cookie is a small packet of data, which is stored in the users browser, as requested by a website. The data file can be retrieved next time the users returns, thus allowing the site to identify the user as the is same person. This is useful when you need to remember the states of a someones previous activity when navigating separate pages. Examples of this is when logging in, saving items in a shopping basket, or simply saving a personal preference.
Cookies are regulated by the ICO under the EU Cookie Directive. for more information visit the information commissioners office:-
Types of cookie
There are three main types of cookie:-
Session Cookie – These are cookies that only last for the duration that your browser window is open. They will expire as soon as you exit your browser.
Persistent Cookie – These last indefinitely and will only be removed from the users computer when either they are deleted by the user or when they expire as set by the website. This allows a website to detect return visits.
Third Party Cookies – first party cookies are cookies that are created on the same domain as the one you are visiting. Third party cookies, are the other hand, are set by a different website (such as an embedded advertisement). Most web browsers allow you to block these types of cookie.
How do I control my cookies?
In most cases browsers will offer a “do not track” option. By going to your browser settings you should also be able to delete cookies or refuse them altogether.
Strictly Necessary Cookies
The website wont be able function without these and so they are therefore required for the website to work at all. These types of cookie do not require consent and you should avoid disabling these types of cookie.
Functionality cookies are used to save a users preference. This allows the website to be customised to the users choice.
Performance cookies are those that enhance your user experience. Benchmarking data provided by these types of cookies allow website operators to identify needs of improvement.